merchant navy records 1939 to 1945

Records of people younger than 100 and still alive, or who died after 1991 are officially closed. 1939-1950. If you have any unwanted Canada's Merchant Navy: The Men That Saved The World - Legion Magazine Details of masters and mates who have voluntarily passed an examination appear inthe Lloyds Register of Shipping (copies of which are available at The National Archives). By war's end 410 merchant ships had been built in Canada. The only good thing I remember about Drancy was the kindness of the French women who had nothing themselves, but nevertheless threw loaves of bread to us past the guards. If you provide contact details, we will be in touch about your request within 10 working days. Unfortunately, many cards contain a lot of abbreviations and there is no known key for them. The British Merchant Navy - Old Friends Plus They contain the following information: Search BT 352, a combined index to masters, mates, engineers and fishing officers certificates of competency covering home and foreign trade. The World S Merchant Fleets 1939 The Particulars And Wartime Fates Of 6 Members Featured Photos by AJ Hawker Tankers-At Sea or in Rivers 2468 photos 4219 comments by AJ Hawker Cargo Ships---Engines midships 2392 photos 4199 comments by Russ Kennedy Tugs-Icebreaker & Research & Supply 955 photos 1720 comments by Gary L Tankers-At Sea or in Rivers 2468 photos The British Merchant Navy fleet was the largest in the world in 1939 and around 185,000 men served in it during the war. Search 5: service details of Merchant Navy cooks 1913-1956 This is a search in record series BT 319. He survived. To have have kept all the cards together would have rendered them out of alphabetical order (in contravention of the specification) with possible adverse consequences for the list. As the outbreak of World War II edged closer in 1939, the British merchant fleet remained the largest in the world, employing some 200,000 men and women. These records have only been held at the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen. United States Merchant . MERCHANT NAVY SEAMAN'S SEA SERVICE RECORDS Sea Service Records ., The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration The ship had to wait in Aden until the Monster liners Mauretania, Ile de France and Nieuw Amsterdam from convoy CM 15 had passed through ahead of her to disembark at Suez before she did. Monarch of Bermuda sailed for Suez with an estimated 2,200 troops on board on 28th June in company with seven other ships and escorted by the destroyers HMS Reading and Piorun (Polish). Strange that we have sworn coroners statements from my grandfather's inquest placing him on the ship and performing his duties, but the official entry in the log claims he failed to re-join the ship. Dad signed off the ship on 8th May. recording and preserving recollections, documents, photographs and small items. The cards are of different colours depending on the type of qualification: Consult registers and renewals of certificates of competency ofmasters andmates in BT 317; masters, mates and engineers in BT 318; just engineersin BT 320 (1913-1935) (in process of transfer from National Maritime Museum under references RSS/ENG/5-6); and fishing officers in BT 396. The card entries do not all start or end at the same time. Records include photos, honours, service files and death records. From 1835, details of seafarers were recorded in registers by the Register Office for Merchant Seamen, later the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen, using information from the crew lists. Ships & Convoys. Particular emphasis was put on implementing the convoy system, by which warships would customarily escort groups of merchant ships to deter attacks from German U-boats. For Matty Towers the three witness statements into his death are very contradictory. I myself [Captain Elliot] slid into the water shortly before the ship took up a vertical position stern up and then disappeared completely at 05.59. This was 22 minutes after first being torpedoed. In the indexes, names beginning with Mc or Mac are usually found under the letter following that prefix. ","spans":[]}]}},{"__typename":"PrismicArticlePage1939BodySliceImage","type":"slice-image","primary":{"__typename":"PrismicArticlePage1939BodySliceImagePrimary","image":{"dimensions":{"width":1200,"height":742},"alt":"Black and white photo of a group of officers on the SS City of Manila, a cargo steamer of the Ellerman City Line","copyright":"Mary Evans/Pharcide","url":",format"},"caption":"Group photo, officers of SS City of Manila, a cargo steamer of the Ellerman City Line, sunk in the Atlantic by a German torpedo in 1942, with just one crew member lost. It should be noted that the cards do not always reflect changes in the ship's name and that it may be necessary to search for a ship under its various names. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. Read tagging guidelines. During the one-way exchange of fire (the raider kept of range), Able Seaman George Smith was seriously injured and the third engineer, Mr. Gibson, and the steward, Mr. Gernardt, were killed. Where to Find Merchant Navy Records | Imperial War Museums Use the name indexes (indicated below in brackets) to locate a certificate number. While in Freetown news came through that the Japanese had landed in Java and Batavia and the Dutch East Indies had surrendered which would mean no more convoys to the Far East. Some of these records are alsoavailable on the subscription A merchant seaman had to serve in the Atlantic, home waters, North Russia Convoys or South Atlantic waters. Germany turned submarines, battleships, aircraft and mines on Britains supply lines, while British and American shipyards worked tirelessly to replace those ships that were sunk. The convoy arrived in Durban on 18th December. From 1850 onwards, an officer was only officially qualified or certified as an officer if he had been awarded a Certificate of Competency (by passing an exam) or a Certificate of Service (for long service). AncestryDNA Activate a Kit ; AncestryDNA Learning Hub ; What's Included in Your Results ; . Also some happy times with the Indian Army who were great allies and enjoyed partying English style, as a relief from the war time battles. ","spans":[]}]}},{"__typename":"PrismicArticlePage1939BodySliceImage","type":"slice-image","primary":{"__typename":"PrismicArticlePage1939BodySliceImagePrimary","image":{"dimensions":{"width":1200,"height":1882},"alt":"Propaganda poster for the Merchant Navy during World War II. Help us improve catalogue descriptions by adding tags. Woodman here relates the Merchant Navy's colourful history and brings to life the day-to-day experiences of the seamen. It may help to know the number of a ship as ships are sometimes referred to in the records by their number rather then their name. Merchant Navy 1939-1945. The Merchant Navy - Historical Sheet - Second World War - History American Merchant Marine Databases includes: . Like this page to receive our updates. Samaria sailed out of Liverpool on Friday 14th of May 1943 and was on the Clyde Monday 17th of May. All Web: UK, World War II Medals Issued to Merchant Seamen, 1939-1945 results for Ruth Mcmillen., First World War Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve records. Consult our guide to records of merchant seamen serving after 1917for advice on searching within registers of seamen and seamens pouchesto establishvoyage details which you may be able to apply to the service of officers. Fireman. Image: Mary Evans/Pharcide"}},{"__typename":"PrismicArticlePage1939BodySliceText","type":"slice-text","primary":{"__typename":"PrismicArticlePage1939BodySliceTextPrimary","content":[{"type":"paragraph","text":"Particular emphasis was put on implementing the convoy system, by which warships would customarily escort groups of merchant ships to deter attacks from German U-boats. Search The Gazette for lists of masters and mates who passed officer examinations. ConsultBT 122-126and BT 128 (index in BT 127). Edward William Quilter Collection | Library of Congress Helping people find out more about their relatives wartime experiences since 1999 by Tragically, 30,248 merchant seamen lost their lives during World War Two, a death rate proportionally higher than in any of the armed forces. As well as the registers of certificates of competency for engineers at The National Archives (in series BT 139, see above), the National Maritime Museum holds registers for the following years and certificate numbers: The National Maritime Museum holds the registers, bearing numbers 5001-41021 (reference RSS/CO/1-6). In the Merchant Navy there is a requirement that the 28 days should have been served at sea. If they appear on the same page, you should only pay one fee. The book's structure follows the chronological evolution of geographical opinions and retains a geohistorical narrative. the Armed Forces Memorial roll of honour. Ronnie stayed with the Merchant Navy during the war and was torpedoed off the east coast of the USA at some point. On 11th February Monarch of Bermuda embarked 2,500 troops and had to anchor with other troopships in the River Mersey held up by fog until the 16th. Researching Australian military service: Second World War, Merchant Catalogue description Registry of Shipping and Seamen: War of 1939-1945; Combined Office Merchant Navy Operations, Seamen's Pouches Search within or browse this series to find specific. They give the seaman's name, age, rank, rating/grade etc with details of the ships on which they served. The less said about our stay at Drancy the better. Consult series BT 128 for details. Merchant Navy officers - The National Archives Robert Malcolm Barber MV Patella (d.16th Feb 1944). The troop decks in this compartment contained many RAF and RAOC and the number of casualties was probably increased by the wooden laddersbeing smashed by the explosion. Anselm was indeed unfortunate to have been sighted and torpedoed whilst within the supposed protection of an anti-submarine screen by an isolated homeward bound U-Boat. This collection includes Merchant Navy Seamen records held at The National Archives. 1 With only two decades since the ending of the Great War most serving shipmasters would have been at sea during . When the war began, Canada had 38 ocean-going merchant vessels. The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, We are now on Facebook. Operations in and around the Dodecanese, Corsica, Greece, Sardinia and Yugoslavia after 11 June 1943 would also qualify. Contact the appropriate state or national archive. Visit the Crew List Index Project (CLIP) website, which has information about merchant seamen on British registered ships from 1861 to 1913. Conversely, it was fortunate that fair weather allowed the rescue of 80 per cent of the total on board. War Casualties and the Merchant Navy | NSW Environment, Energy and Science The T124T records detail the sea service of merchant seamen who served on tugs. This collection of records, BT 395, lists the medals awarded to merchant seamen for their service in the Second World War (1939-1945), with the exception of the Arctic Star. ConsultBT 139for certificates of competency from 1861-1921, BT 142forcertificates of service from 1862-1921 andBT 140for certificates of service of engineers examined in the colonies from 1870-1921 (index in BT 141). Their targets now travel in convoys, fiercely guarded by Royal Navy destroyers, and when contact is finally made the hunters rapidly become the hunted. Registry of Shipping and Seamen: Database of World War II - Archive At first it was voluntary and applied only to foreign-going vessels. Below is the last movement card for the SS Athenia. Merchant Navy service Records of pre-World War I and colonial service World War I service with the Australian Naval & Military Expeditionary Force an War gratuity cards for World War I and World War II Records of Navy service after 1970 Other contacts We hold the following records about service in the Royal Australian Navy: Gunner and T. Moulton Sectionman. At 8 am on December 7, the Japanese submarine I-26 torpedoed SS Cynthia Olson, manned by mariners and transporting lumber for the Army from Tacoma, Washington to Honolulu.All aboard perished, making these merchant mariners among the earliest American casualties of the war. A Clasp would be worn to signify service for the other Star. As the outbreak of World War II edged closer in 1939, the British merchant fleet remained the largest in the world, employing some 200,000 men and women. Ordinary Seaman Charles Lomax served with the Merchant Navy in WW2. The series generally contains information about radio equipment . British merchant seamen of World War II - Wikipedia The third statement, quite surprising, from W. Orr, is missing from the official records although he is listed as giving evidence to the inquiry into Matty Towers death. v3.0, the Lloyd Lists which are available at the Guildhall Library or the, record of voyages (certificates up to 1888 only) dates are for when the records were filed and are not arrival dates sometimes records were filed after a series of voyages, date of death (certificates after 1888 only and only sometimes), date, number and place of issue of the masters certificate obtained, any other special qualification, including the steam certificate from 1874, name and number (taken from the Mercantile Navy Lists) of each ship (date of engagement and discharge as master or mate and the destination of each voyage), any special awards (for example, war service), pasted-in summaries of the qualifications and service from 1851 of masters who were still active in 1869, green for skippers and mates of fishing boats. Merchant Navy - Musters Records of the Ships Crew - GenGuide According to a later report by the ship Cathay, the previous nights U-Boat dispositions siutuated a submarine close to the position of Anselm and which, despite the three corvette anti-submarine screen, allowed U-96 to put in a successful attack at 05.37 when a torpedo struck the port side reserve bunkers of Anselm. This information will help us make improvements to the website. In general Second World War Royal Naval Reserve officers' records and post 1950 records are held by CN Pers (Commodore Naval Personnel). Each set of cards records: The cards also show if the ship was torpedoed, mined, damaged or sunk. It does not, however, include: You may be searching for a ship using a former name. The swell was of considerable height and the ships became almost unmanageable and steering had to be assisted by engines. Anyone who qualified for both the France & Germany Star and the Atlantic Star would be awarded the first Star earned, with a Clasp. They also record the location (by latitude and longitude) and date a ship was sunk. The T124X records detail the sea service of merchant seamen who served on Royal Navy ships (or Royal Navy auxiliary vessels). Look at the websites of other archives and organisations which hold agreements and crew lists, including the Maritime History Archive in Newfoundland, the National Maritime Museum, the National Records of Scotland, the National Archives of Ireland, and local archives. All Web: UK, World War II Medals Issued to Merchant Seamen, 1939-1945 During that period the ship may have been on several voyages, and he may have been engaged for some or all of the period. However, it was still important to record the movements of merchant vessels and so the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen established this series of cards, now held by The National Archives in series BT 389. Conditions on the raider were passable, but the prison ship was deplorable. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open Government Licence Within the Returns of Births and Deaths of Passengers 1939-1963 there are for 1939-1945 also records of deaths of soldiers on hospital and troopships, but it is necessary to know the name of the ship. But by the time its recommendations were implemented in 1994, the 15-year- old deckboys would have been in their mid-60s, while a seaman of 50 when the war ended would have been 100. (PDF) The world on the verge of the third wave | kedir - We'd like to use additional cookies to remember your settings and understand how you use our services. Records we hold This website Search You might also find information about an officer by searching the records of ordinary merchant seamen. A register entry for a foreign trade voyage, from BT 124. Showing 1-30 of 261 records. Art . Alternatively, search more than 1 million objects from Records of Merchant Navy from other sources. The Consolidation of the Arabian Territories around Najd (1918-1926) 12. The convoy arrived in Freetown on 1st March. To access the records in this section you will either need to visit usor, where you can identify a specific document reference, order a copy(). Nine types of medals were awarded to British merchant seamen who served in the Second World War and who met the qualifications for each medal. 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Furthermore, the MID does not appear on the Order of Wearing Australian Honours and Awards approved from time . If you provide contact details, we will be in touch about your request within 10 working days. (M.N. Our first night there we had doors for beds. The first chapter of this books presents the three waves operations of social, political, economic, technological, military and educational aspect of world affairs under the following subjects. Thomas Coakley examined the body and states no violence was used in his death but his body was badly damaged, due to it being trapped for days under the lock gates of the dock. I remember him telling me about runs to Malta and how soldiers shouldn't have been on ships. If you have a general question please post it on our Facebook page. Find answers to your research questions at, How to File a FOIA Request for Archival Records. Some copies of the latter have been digitized and put online by theMaritime History Archivein Canada. Although the design of this website looks rather old-fashioned, it's still updated and is a good resource for Welsh Merchant Navy records. It lists nearly 24,000 Welsh merchant masters, mates and engineers who were active between 1800 and 1945. Search Discovery, our catalogue, by name of person or ship in T 335 to find what the award was, the persons rank at the time, and the ship they were serving on. When Germany invaded Norway on April 9-1940, the Norwegian ships that were in allied waters at the time were requisitioned by Royal Norwegian Government, which early on in the war managed to escape to the U.K. (the King was evacuated on June 7). There have been times when I've thought about the few months of kindness and friendliness shown by Frau Wilmbrock and her family in the village of Kirch, where I and fellow Stalag X-B prisoner Jock Reid worked their farm. If a ship had a former name this would be written in brackets. The steamer Anselm had left Liverpool with Monarch of Bermuda to join convoy WS 9B but hadnt been able to maintain the 12 knots speed. Library contains an ever growing number diary entries, personal letters and other documents, most transcribed into plain text. Please ensure the tag is appropriate for the record. Research guide C1: The Merchant Navy: Tracing people: Crew lists The National Archives at St. Louis does not provide information for benefits or separation documents, such as DD-214s, for these records. Royal Australian Navy History, WWII Merchant ship movement records - Australia; Ron Wylie, Australian merchant navy: stories of the war at sea Background information. All Web: UK, World War II Medals Issued to Merchant Seamen, 1939-1945 results for ae. How to find Merchant Navy records - Who Do You Think You Are Magazine Military ; Card Catalog ; Member Search ; DNA. Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck Evan McGilvray 2020-09-30 This military biography explores We'd like to use additional cookies to remember your settings and understand how you use our services. At 6.25 p.m. Wednesday 26th of May 1943 P.C. In general Second World War Royal Naval Reserve officers records and post 1950 records are held by CN Pers (Commodore Naval Personnel). Search All Records ; . Monarch of Bermuda left Durban on 24th March and returned to Liverpool via Cape Town and Freetown arriving back on 23rd April.